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Sierra Leone; Conflict and consequences

Duration of the conflict In 2008 War Child was active in Sierra Leone 
1991-2001

Nature of the conflict
Civil war between the government and the rebels of the Revolutionary United Front.

Humanitarian aspects
Human Development Index: 150
•  75,000 killed including 40,000 children;
•  72,500 disarmed combatants;
•  2 million refugees and displaced persons.
(Sources: ‘Mid-range Wars and Atrocities of the Twenty-First Century’, 10 September 2005, Human Development Reports, http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2009)

Country's current phase
Slow post war economic recovery retarded by very high unemployment and the large informal economy which impedes employment growth and social development. 

     

In-country developments

Sierra Leone’s war recovery has been painstakingly slow due to a lack of political and economic reforms and their negative impact on the economy’s capacity to generate employment and basic services. Widespread dissatisfaction over widening socio-economic problems and corruption are sources of potential political instability as is increasing drug trafficking and political/military instability in neighbouring Guinea.

Children
Children still live in abject poverty, without access to health and education services. The tradition of not listening to children still prevails, issues affecting children have no priority. The ever-growing unemployed and socially alienated young people remain a perennial threat to security.