Monitor of outputs
Children and young people are not only in need of help. They are also actors bringing change to their own lives and those around them. War Child has revised its system for planning, monitoring and evaluation (PM&E), to be able to better record these different groups of beneficiaries and participants. The definition of active participants was sharpened and a separation was made between people reached indirectly through awareness raising and through media outreach, in order to present clearer outputs. An improvement in War Child measuring in 2010, was the connection of the activities carried out and the costs made to the number of active participants and beneficiaries in the categories psychosocial support, education and protection.
Measurement of results
To continuously improve programs, it is necessary to collect and share evolving insights into the impact of War Childs programs. Therefore, all program results are evaluated internally and externally. By using child-friendly and participatory approaches, both qualitative and quantitative information is collected through observation, interviews and focus group discussions with everyone involved in the program. See the country sections for evaluations results.
Effectiveness and sustainability
Half-way through and at the end of each program, results are measured and evaluated in terms of effectiveness and sustainability, in addition to an operational evaluation of finances, human resources and efficiency. In addition to War Child’s own program evaluations, other (partner) organisations, including donors, governments, schools and communities, audit and report on War Child’s results.
Learning and accountability
Results and quality: evaluations in 2010
Indicators for positive and long-lasting changes in children’s well-being can be very subjective, difficult to quantify, and vary with culture. Therefore War Child cooperates with other International NGO’s, universities and relevant networks, such as Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE) to further develop instruments and tools to measure effects.
Program evaluations were carried out in three project countries: Sierra Leone, Uganda and Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories. These evaluations were led by external experts and evaluated activities against the original plan; the results, effect and quality of the programs. The number of evaluations was less than the target set for 2010, due to the investments in MFS II. As part of the start of the same MFS II funded program as well as War Child’s strategy 2015, 30% of the programs will be evaluated in 2011 and in four countries baseline studies will be done.
Generally feedback in all three evaluations was positive on outputs and
effects. Worth noting are the findings across evaluations that:
- War Childs life skills training such as the ‘Deals’ increases the effectiveness of follow-up training such as income generation or marketable skills;
- Income generation activities are not yet successful widely, War Child will work on improvement or possibly outsourcing it to partners.